Wheat P1210892

Plant Virus Can Gene Manipulate The Temperatures of Aphids and Wheat

A lot of the time when speaking of pathogens, the conversation stays on just the pathogenic organism itself and the host it exploits. But there are many other interactions that are possible and that complicate the scenario, especially those that involve an intermediate vector needed to spread the pathogen to the eventual host. It has […]

Plants Copy Nematode Pheromones To Repel Infestations

Plants never cease to reveal their unique and astonishing methods of protecting themselves from pathogens. Here on Bioscription we’ve previously discussed the topic of the pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) system and how it allows plants to uptake and conserve important foreign molecules for future immune system response. It is, in many ways, similar to the […]

Mapping Genetic Pathways With MAGIC CRISPR

While the effects of a singular gene and its protein output can be measured and quantified, many traits of organisms are part of far more complex regulatory pathways involving dozens of genes that turn on and off different systems. Mapping out how these pathways interact and what genes make them up has been a key […]

Mouse pancreatic islet

Insulin-Producing Synthetic Cells Designed To Respond To Caffeine

Personalized medicine has become radically different over the past decade. The speed and lowered cost of genome sequencing has made disease screening far more commonplace and as specific cell-based treatments have improved, some conditions that were once thought incurable are becoming very much not so. For immune system focuses, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)—T cells have […]

Oryza sativa Ear rice Stugaru roman rice IMG 3971

Key Gene Discovered For Resistance Against Fungal Rice Blast

Learning about plant immune systems is one of the first steps toward finding ways to improve their defenses against pathogen attack. The difficulty is that, much like the immune system found in animals, the processes involved are highly complex and also completely different from other kingdoms of life. Finding out about the human immune system […]

Hops-1

GMO Yeast Helps Produce Hops-Less Beer To Mitigate Climate Effects

The process of beer-making is complicated. The brewing process has an array of steps that need to be followed fairly precisely or you risk ruining the flavor of your concoction. A general description of the process is that brewer’s yeast, usually specially cultivated strains of the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is used along with sugars […]

Müürlooga õie stigma

Epimutagenesis Controls DNA Methylation To Reveal Hidden Plant Traits

Properly breeding a plant for the traits you want is hard. It requires hundreds of plants and hundreds of cross-breeding attempts between them to obtain desired traits, isolate them, and cross them into more vigorous cultivars with other wanted traits. That was how it was done for most of human history and it’s a long, […]

Golden Retriever 10weeks

A Breakthrough In DMD Treatment In Dogs May Pave Way To Human Cure

Degenerative diseases are never a fun topic to talk about. They involve the gradual wasting away of the body or mind, the losing of oneself over time to decay. History has long focused on such disorders and the horrors both for the person and those around them. It is no surprise then, that with the […]

Schistosoma 20041-300

Controlling Schistosomiasis Parasites By Learning How To Kill Snails

There are far more dangerous and lethal diseases out there than one usually thinks about. Gruesome conditions brought on by bacteria, viruses, and, often the most directly disgusting of all, parasitic organisms. Neglected Tropical Diseases: Schistosomiasis Schistosomiasis is one of these and is listed as a neglected tropical disease (NTD), a category of diseases that […]

Rat primary cortical neuron culture, deconvolved z-stack overlay (30614937102)

CRISPR-Cas9 Allows Photographic Imaging Of Genes In Live Cells

Imaging cellular processes has always been difficult. With biotechnology, we have been able to use marker genes like green fluorescent protein (GFP) to follow the activities of individual cells, but that is a far cry from interior mechanisms within a cell. Since the dawn of the field, technology has advanced so that fluorescent microscopy has […]