Jong plantje bij kunstlicht - Young plant in artificial light (5679580299)

Perfecting An Inefficient Part Of Photosynthesis With Genetic Modification

Evolution isn’t perfect. It is not a controlled or directed system, but instead just a result of adaptation to one’s environment through trial and error. Over a long period of time and generations, this trends toward organisms with better traits suited for their environment, because those with less suited traits from random mutations when born […]

Emirgan 04589

Making An Artificial Tree On A Chip For Hydraulic Robotic Power

We’ve discussed the creation of electronic plants recently and the idea of using plants as electrical storage and transferring devices, allowing an electric connection from, say, one end of a garden or field to another. But plants can transfer far more than just electricity. They are already masters at transferring necessary nutrients from the soil […]

Yeast membrane proteins

The Scientific Creation of a Fully Synthetic Living Organism

Progress continues on the Synthetic Yeast Project, an international scientific initiative that aims to build a yeast genome out of completely synthetic chromosomes. The latest update involves seven papers published together in the journal Science detailing the five pre-designed chromosomes that have been successfully swapped into the genome of yeast. The model organism S. cerevisiae […]

Korb mit Brötchen

Gluten-Free Diets May Contribute To Type II Diabetes Risk

It’s best just to start off with the most basic, blatant information about gluten and claims of reactions to it, before we get into today’s study. Debunking Some Pseudoscience Unless you have celiac disease, you cannot have a reaction to gluten. So-called “gluten intolerance” was debunked by the very team of scientists that claimed its […]

Blume Gewaechshaus Mainau

The Symbiotic and Parasitic Relationship Between Orchids and Fungi

We’ve discussed symbiotic relationships before, from the endosymbiosis that bacteria have with plants and fungi to the mutualistic relationships between plants and fungi directly. But those occasional dalliances are nowhere on the scale of what happens with orchids in the family Orchidaceae. The Deadly Life of Orchids Practically all orchids currently known, 28,000 and counting, […]

US Army Rangers parachute into Lake Lanier 140508-A-PP104-171

How Rare Species of Bacteria Work Together To Protect Their Community

Communities of bacteria in the soil and in aquatic environments work together to assist each other. For scientists, it is often difficult to study these organisms because their cultivation relies on the inclusion of the other species being in their environment as well. Attempts to culture individual species on, say, a petri dish usually fails. […]

Arsenforurenet jord på collstropgrunden i Brabrand, 2010-09-30 (Arsenic soil pollution)

Water Contaminated With Arsenic May Be Cleansed By Discovery Of New Bacteria

Contaminated drinking water is one of the main health concerns in the world, especially within developing countries. And the greatest contaminant that health officials have to deal with, which affects and slowly poisons over 100 million people around the world, is arsenic. A Worldwide Concern Groundwater pollution from arsenic is a serious problem and it’s […]

Rhizoctonia solani symptoms on bean roots

Bacterial Symbiosis Discovery May Allow Dozens of Crop Disease Treatments

When dealing with fungi, it is never just the organism itself that is the problem, but also the many mutualistic relationships it has in the soil. In some cases, those relationships are antagonistic and can be used against fungi that attack crops, such as by using specialized mycoviruses. But even in the cases where the […]